Applications: Environmental monitoring, surveillance and risk management applications, environmental resources management, maritime management, earth topographic mapping, law enforcement, science. Operator: ASI (Italian Space Agency) / Telespazio SpA / Telespazio VEGA Uk Sensor Type: Radar Highest Resolution: 1m Widest swath width: 200km Number of Bands/Modes: 6 Launched: 8th Jun 2007 Nationality: Italian Revisit Interval: 2.5 days

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Name CSM
Parameters Measured X-Band 9.65 GHz (3.1 cm wavelength)
Sensor Type RADAR Sensor
Purpose COSMO-SkyMed (Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation) is a 4-spacecraft constellation, conceived by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana), and funded by the Italian Ministry of Research (MUR) and the Italian Ministry of Defense (MoD), Rome, Italy. The program is managed in cooperation of ASI and MoD. The contract was assigned to an Italian industrial team, that is in charge of the project development. Thales Alenia Space Italia (TAS-I) is the prime contractor of the end-to-end system and leads an industrial team of small and medium sized Italian companies including many from the Finmeccanica group. Telespazio is the main Ground Segment contractor responsible for the development of the control center for the constellation, and of the user’s ground segments for acquiring, processing and distributing the data gathered by the satellites for civil and defence applications. -The COSMO-SkyMed program represents the largest Italian investment in space systems for Earth Observation. Each of the four satellites is equipped with a SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) instrument and is capable of operating in all visibility conditions at high resolution and in real time. The overall objective of this program is global Earth observation and the relevant data exploitation for the needs of the military community as well as for the civil (institutional, commercial) community.
Applications Maritime Domain Awareness: Maritime awareness (MDA) and Maritime Safety monitoring are supported by frequently collected low spatial resolution ScanSAR modes. Retrieval of information (e.g. ship position, oil slick detection) is carried out in near-real time (less than ½ hour from satellite pass). A fully integrated and automated service chain is implemented at the receiving terminal location (either fixed or mobile). Defense and Intelligence: The frequent revisit of the constellation, when coupled with the very high resolution (Spotlight mode) opens a completely new area of applications for defense and intelligence. Applications. Very accurate change detection in and around sensitive targets (industrial plants, borders) can be completed with unprecedented time revisit and area coverage. Multi-satellite interferometric configuration allows for coherence analysis (activity maps and disturbed terrain analysis). Thematic Mapping: The combination of very short term (a few days) change detection and coherence analysis can be used for thematic mapping and environmental monitoring (forestry, agriculture), allowing for large region mapping of areas where collecting optical images is limited by cloud coverage. Emergency Response: The constellation is a key tool for emergency response activities. The system can rapidly provide information for early damage assessment. In some cases (e.g.: flood mapping) information can be retrieved and provided to users in near-real time. Land stability analysis: Long term interferometric time series and state of the art processing technology (DIFSAR, Persistent Scatterers analysis) provide information for Land stability analysis such as urban subsidence, infrastructure monitoring – railways and pipeline – landslide and volcano monitoring. The Cosmo SkyMed system can provide accuracy up to few millimetres on intervals as long as months or a year.
Data Cost and Access Public - Subject to costing
Start Date of Collection 2007-06-8
End Date of Collection N/A
Spatial Resolution (meters) 1
Frequency of Collection {1}
Data Format GeoTIFF
Distributor contact
Lineage In 1996 the Italian Government provided initial funding for the realization of a national Earth observation program. In 1997 the general guidelines for the 1998-2002 Italian National Space Plan (PSN) were approved including the activities on Earth observation. The strategic element in this plan is the COSMO-SkyMed dual-use program of ASI.
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